The story of Czech "Oscar Schindler"
The Mautners invited Rudolf Stursu to visit them on Boxing day, 1938. There were next of kin of the Mautners. Some of them asked Rudolf Stursa if they can be baptized too. One of them asked him if he can obtain only the baptism cerificate without the baptism. ThereforeRudolf Stursa visited his friend, typographer Frantisek Fleischmann who works in a Prague printing-office. Rudolf Stursa borrowed a baptism certificate from Father Vochoc and gave it to Frantisek Fleischmann to let print about thousand copies. Rudolf Stursa lived in the house No 505 in the street U zemepisneho ustavu" ("Near the Geographical Institute") between 20s and 1939 when he went away to Poland an then to England. This address became known among Jews and Jews came here for Rudolf Stursa. Also three Jews from Korfu came here. (Korfu is one of the biggest Greek island near Albania.) In the beginning all consulates recognized also false baptism certificates. The problem began when some consulates began to want old baptism certificates. Therefore Rudolf Stursa visited Victor Mautner (the father of Frantisek Mautner) and said him that Victor Mautner was certainly an orderly retailer and therefore he had documents from the past. He had them in cases in the cellar. There were old Austro-Hungarian revenue stamps on these dokuments. (Austria-Hungary was a large monarchy in the central Europe including Bohemia until 1918.) Rudolf Stursa needed a false rubber stamp of the Prague Old Catholic Church community that was made by his friend from the elementary school Pistora. Consulates recognized these new (false) old baptism certificates and issued transit visa to all applicants.
Rudolf Stursa tried to convince the Mautners (father Victor, mother and daughter Edit) to leave Czechoslovakia because it was evident in the spring of 1939 that Czechoslovakia was going to be occupied by Nazi Germany and that the Nuremberg Laws are going to be applied here too. (The Nuremberg Laws were Nazi anti-Semitic laws that were past in Nazi Germany in 1935.) Unfortunately he didn't convinced them and all of them (except his friend Frantisek mautner who went to New Zeeland) died in a concentration camp.
Even through Rudolf Stursa believed "his" Jews, that they didn't inform Gestapo (Nazi police) against him, it was dangerous to stay in occupied Czechoslovakia because he would certainly be executed or sent to a concentration camp. (Czechoslovakia was occupied on the 15th of March, 1939.) Rudolf Stursa got acquainted with English journalist Henry Stowin who was correspondent of labour daily paper "Daily Herald". Stowin was interested in the fortunes of them who left Czechoslovakia thanks to Rudolf Stursa. He agreed in April, 1939 that he went with Stowin to Poland, They went to Ostrava. (Ostrava is big city in nort-eastern Bohemia in the border with Poland.) Because Rudolf Stursa hadn't a valid passport, he had to cross the border illegally. This crossing succeeded with his friend from the Law Faculty for the second attempt. He lived in Varsaw, Krakov and Katovice in Poland. The refugees lived by groups in Poland. Because Rudolf Stursa belongs to no group, he went to southern England where lived till 1941.
Rudolf Stursa handed out the baptism certificates free. If someone gave him something for it, he took it, but he wanted to get money from nobody. Rudolf Stursa don't know how many and whom he handed out the baptism certificates because he didn't keep records. He don't know what it happened to these people. Somebody told him years ago that some Jews (with his baptism certificates) went to Southern Africa and are called "Stursa's (Schturzo) Church". Unfortunately this information isn't verified.
Rudolf Stursa says to his activities: "I looked at all people as equal people, it means I made no distinction between nations, religions, but, on the contrary, I tried to learn something also from other other religions than only Christian religion. He says also: "I did what I could do, it means I tried to help the others. In talmud there is a sentence, a big wisdom: Whoever saves a single soul, it is as of he had saved the entire world because you save entire world for him."
Rudolf Stursa can speak (of course including Czech) German, English and French. Rudolf Stursa is married for the second time today. He has no children from the first marriage. From the second marriage he has two children - a son (born on the 7th of July, 1968) and a daughter (born the 24th of July, 1969). His wife is 29 years younger than him.
These informations are from the documentary film of Czech televison from year 1996:
I you have some another informations to this topic (for example what happens to "Rudolf Stursa's" Jews), including my English, please, send an e-mail at my address.